Daily News
Hazrat Khwaja Ghulam Fareed URS celebration beginning .  -  Three-days Ceremonies Of URS Of The Famous Saint And Sufi Poet Of the South Punjab Hazrat Khwaja Ghulam Fareed will be Starting  From 6th February.KFF is The Host Of The Celebration Ceremony.  Diwan-e- Fareed new research, which the Author is Mr. Mujahid Jatoi are celebration ceremony will be held on February 7th in Qaser-e-Fareed. KFF is the  host of the celebration ceremony. The Delegation Of Khwaja Farid College Rahim Yar Khan, Visit The Kot Mithan. A Delegation Of The Professors And Lecturers In The Leadership Of Mr. Chaudhry Mohammad Akram Principal Khwaja Fareed College Rahim Yar Khan Visited The Kot Mithan. After Darbar –e-Fareed Thay Also Visit The Khawaja Fareed Museum And Then They Attended a Ceremony Arranged by KFF, in Qaser-e-Fareed.  




(Research & Written in Urdu by: Prof. Dr. Shakil Pitafi)

(Translated into English by: Prof. Arshad Bukhari)

Almost everyone knows that Kot Mithan was founded by a man named Mithan Khan. He was Jatoi by caste and hailed from Paray Wali which was a small town in Seet Pur. It is really worth-exploring why and how the man migrated /travelled from so remote a town and in an age when travel was a difficult and trying experience and means of transportation were unimaginably scarce. Let us probe deep into the pages of history to find an answer to this question.

In devotion to Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakariya (R.A.), Multan and its suburbs had come under the influence of Pir dynasty or saintly line of Suhervardia. Uch Sharif, Ali Pur and Seet Pur were no exception. In the reign of the Mughal emperor Jahangir, the devotees of the Suhervardia dynasty extended as far as Sindh. Makhdoom Mohammad Zakariya, one of the ancestors of Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Farid (R.A), who in those days resided in Thatha (Sindh) migrated to Manglot Thesil Lodhran. The people of this family inhabited there for almost three generations. They were spiritually affiliated with the Suhervardi line. One of the members of the Koreja family namely Khawaja Sharif Mohammad reached the summit of mysticism. He was an apostle of the preaching of the religion. He decided to quit Manglot in favour of the spread of religion. Hence, the family of Farid bid farewell to Manglot at the turn of the 18th century and migrated to Paray Wali. Mithan Khan, the landlord of Paray Wali was also impressed by the Suhervardi mystic line and was in quest of some saintly being who might bless him spiritually. With the arrival of the Koreja family at Paray Wali, he found his quest come to an end. He therefore became a devotee of Hazrat Khawaja Sharif Mohammad Koreja. According to Maualana Ghulam Jahanian, “Makhdoom Mohammad Sharif migrated from Manglot to Paray Wali. He belonged to Suhervardi saintly line. A host of the people became his devotees. Mithan Khan who was the landlord of the area was one of them.”[1]

In those days, Seet Pur was ruled by the Nahrr dynasty. Their rule extended, on side, up to Uch, Harand and Suleman ranges and, on the other, to Kot Mithan, Bhagsar, Rojhan, Kashmore and Kandh Kot. The Nahrr dynasty had been ruling over this area since the occupation of Delhi throne by Bahlol Lodhi in 1445. Since this rule had been continuing since 27 generations, there was a contact road to interconnect these sparse areas. Built along the bank of the Indus, the long road connected Seet Pur to Bhagsar, Umar Kot, Rojhan, Kin, Kashmore and Kandh Kot.

When Hazrat Khawaja Sharif Mohammad Koreja arrived at Paray Wali, he was warmly welcomed by the Nahrr ruler of the area Salam Khan V who beseeched the former to proselytize in the areas under his control. Accordingly, early one morning in 1713, Hazrat Khawaja left Paray Wali with his special devotee Mithan Khan on the preaching mission and came on the important road built alongside the river connecting Seet Pur to Kashmore and other cities. When this two-member preaching caravan reached near the land which is presently Kot Mithan, Khawaja Sharif Mohammad Koreja greatly liked this place. He expressed his wish to stay there. Mithan Khan inquired: “Your honour, for how many days do you intend to stay here?” Khawaja Mohammad Sharif replied: “For ever.” Mithan Khan asked with great astonishment: “And I?” Hazrat pointed towards Paray Wali and said: “You yourself will live over there, but your name will abide here.” Mithan Khan could hardly control his tears.  He, nevertheless, complied with the order of his spiritual guide. He sent for some persons from Seet Pur and had a Madrasah (=seminary) built for Khawaja Sharif Mohammad Koreja. He also had some houses constructed and erected a large “Kot” (=a walled town). From that very day people started calling it “Kot Mithan”. This city has been famous as “Kot Mithan” since 1713.

Some people are of the opinion that Mithan Khan was a local person and belonged to Gopang caste. As for his locality, it has been proved beyond doubt that Mithan Khan was not at all a local, but hailed from Paray Wali. “Gul Bahar” by Roy Hatto Ram, “Haft Aqtab” by Maulana Jahanian and “Tawareekh-e-Dera Ghazai Khan” by Munshi Hakam Chand as well as “Misl Haqeeqat” (=Factual File) 1872 of the Mahal (=smallest unit of the Revenue Department) could be quoted here as references.

As for the identity of Mithan Khan’s caste, the settlement record of the Mahal department is available as a complete documentary proof. In the said record, explaining the basis of nomenclature for “Mauza Kot Mithan Pakka”, Mithan Khan has been described as Jatoi Baloch. This settlement record contains pedigrees of various castes. At serial no. 97, the pedigree of Gopang caste has been given containing the names of 67 persons which do not include the name of Mithan Khan.[2] This settlement record nonetheless contains the name of Mithan Khan s/0 Kalan Khan in the pedigree of Jatoi caste.

After laying the foundations of Kot Mithan, Mithan Khan had been instructed by his mentor to go back to Paray Wali where he died at the age of 71 and was also buried there. His grave is still there in the very graveyard of Paray Wali where Khawaja Yaqoob Mohammad Koreja, the father of Hazrat Sharif Mohammad Koreja is having his eternal rest. The latter, however, is buried in Kot Mithan.

In short, on the behest of Khawaja Sharif Mohammad Koreja, Kot Mithan was founded by Mithan Khan. Founded in 1713, this city was virtually wiped out by the devastating floods in 1862.


[1]: “Haft Aqtab” (D. G. Khan): (p.64)

[2]: “Misl Haqeeqat, Mauza Kot Mithan Pakka, 1872”