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Hazrat Khwaja Ghulam Fareed URS celebration beginning .  -  Three-days Ceremonies Of URS Of The Famous Saint And Sufi Poet Of the South Punjab Hazrat Khwaja Ghulam Fareed will be Starting  From 6th February.KFF is The Host Of The Celebration Ceremony.  Diwan-e- Fareed new research, which the Author is Mr. Mujahid Jatoi are celebration ceremony will be held on February 7th in Qaser-e-Fareed. KFF is the  host of the celebration ceremony. The Delegation Of Khwaja Farid College Rahim Yar Khan, Visit The Kot Mithan. A Delegation Of The Professors And Lecturers In The Leadership Of Mr. Chaudhry Mohammad Akram Principal Khwaja Fareed College Rahim Yar Khan Visited The Kot Mithan. After Darbar –e-Fareed Thay Also Visit The Khawaja Fareed Museum And Then They Attended a Ceremony Arranged by KFF, in Qaser-e-Fareed.  

ANCIENT KOT MITHAN

 (Research & Written in Urdu by: Prof. Dr. Shakil Pitafi)

(Translated into English by: Prof. Arshad Bukhari)

 

Settlement of Various Tribes/Castes:

History bears ample witness to the fact that it was Khawaja Sharif Mohammad son of Khawaja Yaqoob Mohammad Koreja and Mithan Khan son of Kalan Khan Jatoi who founded Kot Mithan in 1713. Thus, Koreja and Jatoi tribes are regarded as the founder tribes of Kot Mithan. Though there had been some groups inhabiting in this area before, yet their sparse population fell short of the requirements of a village or a town. Following the establishment of a seminary along with a residence built by Mithan Khan in honour of Khawaja Sharif Mohammad, the people already inhabited there and living in sparse population started quitting their temporary settlements and populated in the new “Kot”. In no time, the population sprung into a village and then a town which became famous by the name of “Kot Mithan.”

Though the process of settlement in various cities and towns remains in progress in every age, Mithan Kot witnessed three such periods in the history of its settlement when the people from other areas willingly bade farewell to their native places in order to settle in this city. The first instance of such a settlement was seen soon after the establishment of Kot Mithan. The reason is no far to seek: this town assumed the shape of a permanent village from day one of its existence, and the people fed up with temporary dwellings and in quest of some permanent abode migrated for good to settle in Kot Mithan. The bulk of them were the members of the tribes already present here on the local level and they settled in Kot Mithan soon after the arrival of Khawaja Sharif Mohammad and Mithan Khan.

Secondly, the settlement of people in Mithan Kot was occasioned by the spiritual halo emanating from the presence of Hazrat Khawaja Aaqil Mohammad whose impressive personality fascinated the people. The people from far and wide were attracted to become the devotees of Hazrat Khawaja Aaqil Mohammad and were permanently settled in Kot Mithan. This process of the settlement of the devotees spans from 1770 to 1810. Thirdly, the rapid settlement owes much to the significance of Kot Mithan from commercial point of view. Prompted by commercial motives, the people belonging to diverse tribes, most of them Hindus, converged in Kot Mithan. This settlement started after 1820. The detail of various tribes/castes that settled in Kot Mithan during various periods is given in the following table:

Sr. No

Name of Tribe/Caste

1st Settler/Head

Year of Settlement

Area of Settlement after the flood of 1862

1

Koreja Qureshi

Khawaja Sharif Mohammad

1713

New Kot Mithan

2

Jatoi

Mithan Khan

-do-

Left for Paray Wali in 1740

3

Darishak

Mazar Khan

Living here before the establishment of Kot Mithan

Basti Mohib Ali

4

Gopang

Saghar Khan

-do-

New Kot Mithan

5

Arain Choghta

Yaqoob Khan

-do-

Mauza Kot Mithan Pakka

6

Mazari

Thazoo Khan

-do-

Rojhan

7

Kuddan

Mawali Khan

-do-

Kotla Hussain

8

Syed Bukhari

Banday Shah

1750

New Kot Mithan

 

 

 

 

 

9

Arain Pathan

Qabool Khan

1770

-do-

10

Qureshi

Mian Barkhordar

1770

-do-

11

Gola

Nihal Khan

1775

Basti Gola

12

Darishak

Somra Khan

1795

Basti Ganokhani

13

-do-

Thojan Khan

-do-

-do-

14

-do-

Paneer Khan

-do-

-do-

15

Awan

Rahmat Ullah

1795

New Kot Mithan

16

Arain Bhawana

Fattoo Khan

1800

Unknown

17

Jatt Chohan

Jalala

1805

Dera Ghazi Khan

18

Jatt Kharal

Mohammad Jamal

1810

-do-

19

Bhaya

Khalfa Umar

1810

Unknown

20

Syed Qureshi Hashmi

Muharram Shah

1820

New Kot Mithan

21

Lakha

Maqbool

1825

-do-

22

Khoja

Ghulam Rasool

1825

-do-

23

Khoja a.k.a. Chawla

Mohammad

1835

-do-

24

Khooja

Jind Wadda

1850

-do-

25

Jatt Airi

Mahmood

1825

Unknown

26

Jangla

Bakho Khan

1825

Umar Kot

27

Jatt Kaler

Bandoo Khan

1825

Basti Kaler

28

-do-

Malook Khan

1825

-do-

29

Machhi

Daryam

1825

Mauza Kot Mithan Pakka

30

Khokhar

Khalifa Ahmad Yar

1830

New Kot Mithan

31

Kalasrah

Mohammad

1830

-do-

32

Sayyal

Kher Mohammad

1835

-do-

33

Lohar

Fateh Mohammad

1835

-do-

34

Darkhan

Bakhshan

1840

-do-

35

Gazar

Allah Jawaya

1850

-do-

The Muslims tribes mentioned above were settled in ancient Kot Mithan. After the inundation of the city in 1862, 17 out of 35 Muslim tribes inhabited in New Kot Mithan. The peasantry, however, preferred to set up their own separate hamlets in the vicinity of new Kot Mithan. Noteworthy among these villages are: Basti Gola, Basti Miani, Basti Ganokhani, and Basti Kaler.

As for the Hindu settlers in ancient Kot Mithan, the majority consisted of business men and almost half of them moved to other areas after the flood of 1862. Later, however, countless other Hindus migrated to the present city of Kot Mithan. The following Hindu castes came to settle in new Kot Mithan: 1: Lakhi; 2: Katara; 3: Murdala; 4: Gadi; 5: Dhangrah; 6: Deal; 7: Ahuja; 8: Lund

After the floods of 1862 when the population of ancient Kot Mithan was started to get settled in the existing city, 14 out of 24 Hindu castes settled in the present city. Eight more castes (mentioned above) also migrated from various areas and started living in the new city. In this way, there were 24 Hindu castes settled in New Kot Mithan. All of them migrated to India after the division of India in 1947.

NEW KOT MITHAN

After the destruction of ancient Kot Mithan, the affected people of the area lay suffering in the makeshift huts near Kotla Hussain for almost two years. At length, responding to their requests Mr. Lean, the Assistant Commissioner of Tehsil Rajanpur issued orders for the establishment of new city on January 20, 1865 (Reference: Misl Haqeeqat Mahal Department, Mauza Kot Mithan Jadeed, 1872, Page No:59). First of all, a survey of the area was conducted. Special care was taken to find such piece of land for the new city where the people could easily take care of their agricultural lands, river trade could also be restored and where there might be no risk of inundation a second time. Taking cognizance of all these facts, the present place was selected. This place was carved out of the common land falling in Mauza Mohib Alia and Mauza Kotla Huassain (Reference: Misl Haqeeqat Mahal Department, Mauza Kot Mithan Jadeed, 1872, Page No:59).  This land was purchased out of Government funds for Rs: 757/=(Reference: Misl Haqeeqat Mahal Department, Mauza Kot Mithan Jadeed, 1872, Page No:59).

Under supervision of Mr. Lean, the layout plan of the city was chartered. This layout plan was prepared  by Munshi Mohammad Umar Khosa who was then serving as a Patwari. (He was a resident of Umar Kot Tehsil Rojhan. Amir Mohammad Khoas, a descendent of Munshi Umar, still lives in Umar Kot, whereas Mohammad Afzal Khosa, another descendent lives in Kot Mithan.) Following the recommendation for the approval of the said layout made by the then Tehsildar Mian Ladha Khan Awan, Mr. Lean the Assistant Commissioner issued final approval. The new city was divided into 36 Mohallas and handed over to the affected people. To check the inundation, a dyke was also constructed around the city. Within the circular road, the city was established on an area of 53 Acres, 1 Kanal and 13 Marlas.