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Hazrat Khwaja Ghulam Fareed URS celebration beginning .  -  Three-days Ceremonies Of URS Of The Famous Saint And Sufi Poet Of the South Punjab Hazrat Khwaja Ghulam Fareed will be Starting  From 6th February.KFF is The Host Of The Celebration Ceremony.  Diwan-e- Fareed new research, which the Author is Mr. Mujahid Jatoi are celebration ceremony will be held on February 7th in Qaser-e-Fareed. KFF is the  host of the celebration ceremony. The Delegation Of Khwaja Farid College Rahim Yar Khan, Visit The Kot Mithan. A Delegation Of The Professors And Lecturers In The Leadership Of Mr. Chaudhry Mohammad Akram Principal Khwaja Fareed College Rahim Yar Khan Visited The Kot Mithan. After Darbar –e-Fareed Thay Also Visit The Khawaja Fareed Museum And Then They Attended a Ceremony Arranged by KFF, in Qaser-e-Fareed.  
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                          KOT Mithan

                                     A BRIEF HISTORICAL VIEW                                   

(Research & Written in Urdu by: Prof. Dr. Shakil Pitafi) .....(Translated into English by: Prof. Arshad Bukhari)

1: Nahrr Lodhi Rule:At the time of the establishment of old Kot Mithan city in 1713, the Mughals graced the throne of Delhi, whereas the state of Seet Pur was under occupation of Nahrr Lodhi dynasty. This State had come into existence after the throne of Delhi was occupied by Bahlol Lodhi. The Nahr rulers had been ruling over the State since 1445. The State of Seet Pur spread from Uch to Kashmore. Kot Mithan also emerged from the lap of this State. Initially, a road was built which connected Seet Pur to Kashmore.     The road was built with a view to administering the affairs of the State as well as interconnecting all the cities and towns present in the State. The newly built road went along the banks of the Indus. It was along the brink of this road that the tiny city of Kot Mithan (old) originated in 1713. In those days, the Indus flowed in the east of Seet Pur which accounts for the considerably short distance between Seet Pur to Kot Mithan. The thoroughfare contributed to the rapid inhabiting by various people in Kot Mithan. At that time, the Nahrr dynasty had started experiencing a downward slide thanks to the utter lack of interest in state affairs as well as internecine rifts. Finally, the State was partitioned amongst Tahir Khan, Islam Khan and Qasim Khan--- the three sons of Mohammad Khan Nahrr1 . Seet Pur fell to the share of Tahir Khan; Bhagsar went to Islam Khan and Kin as well as Kashmore was given to Qasim Khan. Islam Khan’s share of the State, i. e. Bhagsar also included Kot Mithan and Rojhan. Islam Khan occasionally came to sojourn here. He was so simple and artless a fellow that he had earned the epithet of “Bhola Badshah”2 (=the simpleton ruler). Once on a cold winter night, the jackals from across the woods approached the outskirts of Bhagsar and started howling. Islam Khan inquired in a surprising tone: “Why, on earth, are the jackals howling?” One of his retinue replied: “The jackals are asking for warm clothing and quilts to keep them from intense cold.” Upon this, Islam Khan handed over a lot of money to the retinue so that the need of the jackals might be fulfilled! The second night, the jackals started yelling again. Islam Khan wondered why the jackals were howling that night. When he asked from the retinue, the latter replied: “Sir, these jackals have come tonight to express their thanks to you.” Islam Khan was awfully delighted when he heard this3 . Kashfi Multani has endeavoured to narrate this anecdote in verse like this4 :

“They say that on a really cold night,
When the nip-hit seem’d every sight;
There came a sudden hue and cry
(From jackals it came and went up to sky);
The King happened to hear the yells
Felt so uneasy at the devilish bells;

Why do they scream so high?” said he,
“Who will reveal the secret to me?”
A courtier there was, fam’d for his wit,
Replied he thus, after thinking a bit:
“So down with cold are the jackals, Sir!
Praying for quilts or coats made of fur.”
The prayers granted promptly by the king
He kept on hearing the loud howling;
“Minister, why are the devils yelling still,”
Asked the king, “though protected from chill?”
“No, not yelling, my lord,” quoth he,
“Singing are they in gratitude of thee!”

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 1- : “Tareekh-e-Muzaffar Garh”  (p.54) by Sajjad Haider Pervez

 2- : “Muraqa Dera Ghazi Khan” (p.90) by Ghulam Ali Nutkani
 3- : “Gul Bahar” (p.6) by Roy Hatto Ram
4-  : “Weekly Basharat” Muzaffar Garh, “Manzoom Qissa” by Kashfi Multani

There was no worthwhile development work done in Kot Mithan in the reign of the Nahrs. Islam Khan had had dug just a water course in Bhagsar commonly known as “Nala-e-Bhagsari” and which irrigated some of the areas of Bhagsar, Bangala and Sabzani. The water channel originated from the mouth of the Indus5. In short, the lack of interest in the affairs of the state on the part of the Nahrr rulers resulted in the gradual emasculating of the State and soon the Nahrr rule was wiped out from the area6 .

2: Makhadeem (Masters) of Seet Pur and Wa’alian (Governors) of Khurasan and Kabul:
When the Nahr Lodhi rule lost its grip on Seet Pur and its adjuncts, Makhdoom Sheikh Rajan who was an inhabitant of Seet Pur as well as its governor appointed by the Nahrs, occupied some of the territories. He was succeeded by his son Sheikh Mohammad Raju (Rajan Shah). It was the period when Nadir Shah Durrani, the governor of Khurasan, had invaded India. Sheikh Mohammad Raju (Rajan Shah) had, in the meanwhile, gathered a strong influence in his area. He had also accumulated considerable money. On account of his influence and personal ability, he had had the rule of Seet Pur granted to him by Nadir Shah. In this way, he evicted the Nahrs from there for good.
In 1730, Makhdoom Rajan obtained complete dominance over the areas of Alipur, Kotla Mughlan, Bhagsar, Kot Mithan and Umar Kot and established his rule there. He founded Rajan Pur city in 1732. In those days, D. G. Khan was considered to be a separate state ruled by the Mirani tribe. Though Nadir Shah failed to capture the throne of Delhi, he had gained influence on some of the states included in Mughal rule. Seet Pur and some states of D. G. Khan were also among the areas which remained under subjugation of the governor of Khurasan for a long time. At the local level, however, Seet Pur was administered by Makhadeem and D .G. Khan by the Gojar rulers. For the important decisions, they had recourse to the governor of Khurasan.
Makhadeem of Seet Pur accomplished various developments projects in their territories over different periods of time. The digging of Nullahs or artificial channels of water is the most important of all. Seeking permission from the governor of Khurasan, they had the following water channels dug: “Nala Dhundi, Nala Qutab, Nala Baheshti, and Rasool Wah”. These water channels not only

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6  : “Gul Bahar” (p.102) by Roy Hatto Ram

7 : “Gazetteer of Bahawalpur State: 1904” (p.416)

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contributed to the development of crops in these areas, but also attracted many people who established several villages along these water channels, e.g. Dunya Pur, Kotla Jinda, Shah Pur, Ghous Pur, Rasool Pur, Kotla Gayan, Kotla Ahmad, Muhammad Pur, Kotla Babul, Sultan Pur, Bati Lashari, Kotla Daleel, Thal Baqir, etc.
The digging of Nala Qadirah was also launched in that period. The following villages/towns cropped up along side this Nullah: Kotla Naseer, Kotla Noor Mohammad, Kotla Sayed Khan, Dhago, Basti Phali, Bhag, Murghai, Qadirah, Kotal Hassan Shah, Kotla Hassan Jamra and Kotla Gulam Murtaza. Nala Hamid and Nala Pahar were the offshoots of the Nala Qadirah.
Nadir Shah died in 1747 and was succeeded by Ahmad Shah Abdali. He prepared his army and launched several attacks on the Punjab on different occasions. He succeeded in occupying Lahore and Multan. In his reign, too, Seet Pur and states of D. G. Khan remained annexed to Kabul. Ahmad Shah Abdali breathed his last in 1773. His son Timur Shah ascended to the throne of Kabul. Timur Shah also continued providing opportunities to the Makhadeem of Seet Pur for the settlement of the areas. The water tax, however, was strictly imposed.
In those days, Qazi Noor Mohammad, the elder brother of Qazi Aqil Mohammad Koreja, had a great thirst for the irrigation of lands. Unfortunately, at that time there was no water channel available which could convert the barren lands of Kot Mithan worth tilling. With the help of Makhdoom sahb, he obtained a lease from Timur Shah and had a water channel dug from the Indus. This became famous as “Qazi Wah”. This water channel was extracted from the north eastern side of Mauza Wang from the Indus. It irrigated the areas of Mauza Wang, Basti Mohib Ali, Kotla Hussain, Kot Mithan (old), and as far as Rakh Qadirah. As ill luck would have it, Qazi Noor Mohammad suffered a great loss in this lease. The amount fixed for the lease/contract could not be submitted to the treasury of Timur Shah and, consequently, Qazi Noor Mohammad was sent to jail7.

At that time, Juma Khan was the Nazim (Mayor) of D. G. Khan on behalf of the government of Khurasan. Qazi Aqil Mohammad, the brother of Qazi Noor Mohammad, was a guarantor to the lease/contract. Juma Khan, therefore, sent Qazi Aqil Mohammad to jail, too8 . This event has also been recorded in “Manaqib-e-Mehboobeen”.When Hafiz Mohammad Jamal Multani9
came to know of the arrests of Qazi Noor Mohammad and Qazi Aqil Mohammad, he contacted Jumma Khan and recommended for the release of Qazi brothers. Jumma Khan, however, did not respond to the request in the positive. Upon this, Hafiz Jamal cursed him. As a result of this curse, Jumma Khan suffered from acute stomach pain and at once released Qazi brothers. Jumma Khan, however, did not recover and ultimately died of the stomach pain.
After his release, Qazi Noor Mohammad washed his hands of the lease of Qazi Wah. The water channel soon dried up and wore a deserted look. Swelling torrents of the flood occasionally inundated it, otherwise it remained dry throughout the year10 .

In 1790, the Indus changed route and Seet Pur now found itself on the eastern bank of the river. This brought about an end of contact on the part of the Makhadeem of Seet Pur with Kot Mithan. With the change of route of the Indus, the Nawab of Bahawalpur state easily grabbed form the Makhadeem the areas such as Ali Pur, Shehr Sultan, and Kher Pur Sadaat11 .

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7  : “Muraqa Dera Ghazi Khan” (p.152) by Ghulam Ali Nutkani
8  : “Manaqib-i-Faridi” (p.53) by Mirza Ahmad Akhtar
9  : Hafiz Mohammad Jamal Multani was a fellow-disciple of Qazi Aqil Mohammad. Both were thefavourite          disciples/devotees of Hazrat Noor Mohammad Maharvi
 10 : This water channel is drawn in the map of Kot Mithan (new) and was until recently quite visible.
11  : “Tawareekh-e-Dera Ghazi Khan” (pp.36-37) by Munshi Hukam Chand

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Only Uch Sharif was left